About the Military

Full- and Part-Time Options

Today’s Military comprises five Service branches, each with active-duty and part-time components. Part-time duty includes five Reserve and two Guard components. Location, mission and service commitments vary greatly, though all are on the same rank-based pay scale.

Reserve and Guard Opportunities

Members of the Reserve and National Guard share how military service has enriched their personal and professional lives.

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2nd Lt. Amanda Morgan: The best thing that I’ve gotten out of my experience with the National Guard, and the Military in general, is just the discipline and the responsibility that I’ve learned from it.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Adrien Cheval: The Coast Guard Reserve offers almost the same benefits and opportunities as the active-duty side of the house. And it allows me to have a full-time profession on the outside.

Senior Airman Jessica Eastburn: I decided to do reserves so I can still pursue my degree, as well as do the Military at the same time.

1st Lt. Meridith Fonseca: I think the Reserve is the best of both worlds. You get to have your civilian job and hobbies, and friends and family, and then you get to have your Army family and friends, and your Service. So you get the opportunity to take a break from your civilian job or civilian schooling, and go serve.

Petty Officer 3rd Class Adrien Cheval: To pilot a very nice Coast Guard boat, to do search and rescue and maritime law enforcement, the fact that I get to be a federal law enforcement officer certainly complements my civilian job. It gives me a different perspective on things, and I have a lot to talk about when I go home or when I go over to my friends’ house, and that sort of thing.

Capt. Shawn Tulp: The Army Reserve has helped my civilian career in several ways. First of all, the additional training I’ve had for trauma has also made me a better civilian nurse when it comes to taking care of patients in a critical-care setting.

2nd Lt. Amanda Morgan: I know that it’s definitely brought opportunities to me in my civilian career, in getting part-time jobs or getting positions in my sorority, or getting positions on ROTC that I would like. Whatever it is, it definitely comes out as a civilian as it does in Military.

Active Duty (Full-Time)

Active-duty service members are full-time members of the Military, living on base or in military housing and immersed in military culture. After attending boot camp, they are typically stationed at a base either domestically or overseas for terms that typically last two to six years. During this time, they may also explore advanced training opportunities to further build hands-on and technical skills. If service members are deployed, the length of time away varies depending on a unit's specific mission.

Reserve (Part-Time)

The Reserve was created to provide and maintain trained units at home while active-duty service members are deployed. Each military branch has a Reserve component under its command, which is available for active-duty deployment in times of war or national emergency.

Reservists are part-time service members, allowing them time to pursue a civilian career or college education while simultaneously serving their country. Members of the Reserve attend boot camp and are required to participate in training drills one weekend a month as well as a two-week program each year. Reservists can be deployed to serve alongside active-duty service members for special missions.

National Guard (Part-Time)

The National Guard consists of the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard. Every U.S. state and territory, as well as the District of Columbia, fields their own separate Guard unit, which operates distinctly and separately from the others. Each National Guard group goes by its state name (for example, the New York National Guard) and reports to that state’s governor.

The Guard’s focus is on homeland security and humanitarian relief. In addition to training drills one weekend a month and two full weeks per year, National Guard units assist communities in their state during emergencies like storms, floods, fires and other natural disasters.

During times of conflict, the president can federalize the National Guard, and its service members can be deployed overseas. National Guard members deployed overseas may see combat, but are also assigned noncombat humanitarian tasks, such as building schools and hospitals, training local peacekeepers and other community-building projects.

Split Training (Part-Time)

The Army, Army National Guard and Coast Guard offer a split training option. High school students (and college and vocational students in the case of the Coast Guard) may train for two summers and serve one weekend a month during the school year. They receive pay for their weekend service and, after training is complete, begin Reserve duty. For more information, contact a recruiter.

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