Education & Training

Advanced Training

Sometimes referred to as Advanced Individual Training (AIT), or simply advanced training, skill training takes place after a service member completes Basic Training. Skill training refers to the instruction a service member receives in his or her assigned military career field.

Depending on career specialty, a service member attends one of many diverse skill training schools. While there, he or she learns the skills necessary to succeed at his or her specific career through hands-on training, classroom sessions and field instruction.

While the purpose and fundamentals of AIT remain consistent across all Service branches, each offers its own unique experience.


Army Advanced Individual Training (AIT) School

Army Advanced Individual Training (AIT) spans career fields ranging from artillery to avionics to advanced technology (which includes sophisticated battlefield air defense systems, digital-burst radio systems and fire-control computers).

More than just hands-on career training and field instruction, Army AIT focuses on discipline and work ethic — two important virtues both in and out of the Military. This training is not only essential for the demands of 21st-century defense, but also makes Soldiers more marketable in today’s information-based society.

As the largest branch of the Military, the Army also trains personnel in everything from business administration to food service, logistics and procurement — just about any job you can find in a major city.

Lieutenant Junior Grade Alex Burtness
Lieutenant Junior Grade | Alex Burtness Navy

Navy “A” School

The Navy refers to its Advanced Individual Training as “A” school and offers technical training in hundreds of job specialties, including:

  • Traffic controller
  • Information systems technician
  • Intelligence specialist
  • Interior communications technician
  • Aviation
  • Sonar technician

And while the Navy is known for the water, not all jobs happen on ships. The Navy needs health-care workers, interpreters, pilots, chefs and hundreds of other specialists.

Marine Corps Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) School

The Marine Corps stays ready by training every Marine for a specific role that contributes to the mission. Marine Corps advanced training can be broken down into four elements:

  • Ground combat
  • Aviation combat
  • Logistics combat
  • Command

Marines with an MOS classified under infantry are trained at the Infantry Training Battalion (ITB), while all non-infantry Marines are trained at the Marine Combat Training Battalion (MCT).

After that, Marines receive either formal school training or on-the-job training, with special emphasis placed on hands-on training and practical skill application in every job.

Captain Christin Mastracchio
Captain | Christin Mastracchio Air Force

Air Force Technical Training

Air Force technical training provides instruction on mechanical, administrative, general and electronic careers from highly trained instructors with years of experience in the field. Much of Air Force technical training can be applied toward college credit.

In addition, the Air Force offers the opportunity to earn an Associate in Applied Science (AAS) degree free of charge. Some airmen can earn a degree from the Community College of the Air Force (CCAF).

Coast Guard “A” School

The Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve train enlistees in a variety of career fields, including safety and law enforcement, maritime patrols, technology, environmental operations and business administration.

Many job skills learned in these career fields can transfer to the civilian workforce for a post-military career. Marine ecology and environmental studies are two areas of advancement the Coast Guard has worked closely with its civilian counterparts to develop.


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