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Health Science

Service Branches

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Work Environment

Biologists/biochemists work in medical clinical and research laboratories. They may work outdoors while conducting field work on land or aboard ships.

  • Military Status


  • Median Military Salary This is the median, or the midpoint, of the salary range for this career.


    Military Salary Range Salary varies based on years of service, degree level, special pays, family status and location.

    $29,299 - $362,582


Biologists/biochemists perform and oversee analyses in chemistry, microbiology, immunology, and other areas related to the biomedical laboratory field. They direct and conduct laboratory procedures to detect, diagnose, treat, and prevent disease. They lead basic and applied health sciences research, and evaluate findings related to the effects of various stimuli, such as altitude and temperature changes, on physiological systems. They identify and investigate microorganisms and their effects on human health, and they develop control methods by designing vaccines and antitoxins.

Military Training

Officers typically enter the Military after they have completed a four-year college degree; enlisted service members can transition to officer positions through a variety of pathways and earn a degree while serving.   Job training for biologists/biochemists primarily consists of classroom instruction and on-the-job learning in various training environments.  Like other officers they complete a comprehensive training program covering responsibilities military structure and etiquette traditions and leadership development.  Job-specific training content may include:  

  • Altitude physiology
  • Sensory physiology
  • Emergency egress
  • Water survival
  • Life support systems
  • Aero medical aspects of flight

Helpful Attributes

  • Ability to express ideas clearly and concisely
  • Interest in mathematics, chemistry, biology, and medical research
  • Interest in scientific work
  • Good observation skills

Related Civilian Careers

  • Microbiologists
  • Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
  • Natural Sciences Managers
  • Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians
  • Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists