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Health Science

Service Branches

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Work Environment

Oncologists/hematologists work in hospitals and clinics on land and aboard ships.

  • Military Status


  • Median Military Salary This is the median, or the midpoint, of the salary range for this career.


    Military Salary Range Salary varies based on years of service, degree level, special pays, family status and location.

    $62,503 - $292,243


Physicians who specialize in oncology/hematology examine patients, diagnose blood and other malignancies, and recommend treatment protocols. They provide various types of treatments including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, blood transfusions, and bone marrow transplants. Oncologists and hematologists work closely with specialized nurses, pharmacists, dietitians, social workers, laboratory scientists, and physicians from other disciplines — like surgery, pathology, diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine, radiation, and psychiatry. Military oncologists and hematologists typically work in military hospitals or clinics.

Military Training

Officers typically enter the Military after they have completed a four-year college degree; enlisted service members can transition to officer positions through a variety of pathways and earn a degree while serving. Job training for oncologists/hematologists primarily consists of on-the-job learning in various training environments. Scholarships for advanced medical training are available in return for an obligated period of military service. Qualifying students benefit through unique training experiences and get to attend certain military short courses designed to develop tactical technical and operational skills unique to the military environment. Like other officers working in healthcare they complete a comprehensive training program covering responsibilities orientation to military structure healthcare and etiquette traditions and leadership development. Job-specific training content may include:

  • Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety/TeamSTEPPS® Essentials and Fundamentals
  • Mishap Investigation and Prevention
  • Operational Aeromedical Problems
  • Senior Leadership
  • Joint Operations Medical Management

Helpful Attributes

  • Ability to express ideas clearly and concisely
  • Desire to help others
  • Professionalism
  • Interpersonal and communication skills
  • Curiosity
  • Decision-making and integration skills
  • Interest in work requiring accuracy and attention to detail

Related Civilian Careers

  • Radiation Therapists