Explore Careers


Health Science

Service Branches

Work Environment

Surgeons work in hospitals and clinics on land and aboard ships.

  • Military Status


  • Average Military Salary



Surgeons examine, diagnose, and treat disease and injuries by applying non-invasive, minimally-invasive, and invasive surgical methods. They determine and direct procedures for preoperative and postoperative care, including medication, diet restrictions, and wound care. They coordinate care with anesthesiologists before, during, and after surgical procedures. Additionally, surgeons in the Military may perform operations and other emergency procedures in combat situations.

Military Training

Officers typically enter the Military after they have completed a four-year college degree; enlisted service members can transition to officer positions through a variety of pathways and earn a degree while serving. Learn more about becoming officer, here.

Job training for surgeons primarily consists of on-the-job learning in various training environments. Scholarships for advanced medical training are available in return for an obligated period of military service. Qualifying students benefit through unique training experiences and get to attend certain military short courses designed to develop tactical, technical and operational skills unique to the military environment. Like other officers working in healthcare, they complete a comprehensive training program covering responsibilities, orientation to military structure, healthcare and etiquette, traditions, and leadership development.

Helpful Attributes

  • Ability to express ideas clearly and concisely
  • Desire to help others
  • Professionalism
  • Interpersonal and communication skills
  • Interest in work requiring accuracy and attention to detail
  • Decision-making and integration skills
  • Ability to remain calm under pressure

Related Civilian Careers

  • Surgeons