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Environmental Health and Safety Officers

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources

Service Branches

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Work Environment

Environmental health and safety officers normally work in offices or research laboratories. They work outdoors while conducting environmental studies and surveys or inspecting facilities.

  • Military Status


  • Median Military Salary This is the median, or the midpoint, of the salary range for this career.


    Military Salary Range Salary varies based on years of service, degree level, special pays, family status and location.

    $22,740 - $362,582


Environmental health and safety officers direct programs to protect the health and safety of military members and their families. They apply engineering and scientific principles in anticipating, recognizing, and evaluating occupational and environmental health hazards. These officers design and formulate recommendations to preserve and enhance health and environmental conditions to include air, water, noise, liquid and solid waste disposal, food, and institutional hygiene. They also lead hazardous material control and public contingency response initiatives.

Military Training

Officers typically enter the Military after they have completed a four-year college degree; enlisted service members can transition to officer positions through a variety of pathways and earn a degree while serving. Like other officers fleet maintenance managers complete a comprehensive training program covering responsibilities military structure and etiquette traditions and leadership development. Additional training consists of classroom and field training. Job-specific training content may include:

  • Methods and procedures for health threat assessment
  • Disease and environmental surveillance techniques
  • Development of countermeasures for actual and potential threats

Helpful Attributes

  • Interest in conducting research or analytical studies
  • Interest in protecting the environment
  • Interest in work requiring accuracy and attention to detail

Related Civilian Careers

  • Hydrologists
  • Compliance Managers
  • Environmental Engineers
  • Medical and Health Services Managers
  • Construction and Building Inspectors
  • Hazardous Materials Removal Workers
  • Chemical Technicians
  • Emergency Management Directors
  • Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health

MOS 74D Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Specialist

Length 3:28 View Transcript


Intro Voiceover: Defending the United States from the threat of weapons of mass destruction is vital to the nation. To ensure the safety and protection of troops during combat operations, the Army relies on the specialized skills of the chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear specialists.

Speaker 1:  A CBRN Specialist is vital to the Army because we specialize in teaching other units on how to deal with chemical attacks and chemical hazards.

Voiceover: In this Military Occupational Specialty, your primary responsibility is to conduct operations such as CBRN reconnaissance, surveillance, sensitive site assessment, and decontamination operations.

Speaker 2: You have to make sure that once you enter a contaminated environment when you're ready to come out that you're not bringing any of that contamination with you.

Voiceover: CBRN Specialists also operate and maintain CBRN defense and individual protective equipment. Additionally, you may be responsible for providing technical advice on all CBRN operations and hazards for company and higher level organizations, including federal assets.

Speaker 1: If you are looking to become a CBRN Specialist, I would advise you to get familiar with different kind of chemical agents, chemical hazards, and biological hazards, and also have strong interest in chemistry.

Voiceover: This career field requires individuals who are interested in science, have strong communication skills, with the ability to plan and stay organized, and are physically and mentally fit to work calmly under pressure. After successfully completing Army Basic Combat Training, you will attend 11 weeks of Advanced Individual Training at Fort Leonard Wood in Missouri, where you will learn to operate various types of decontamination and detection equipment in preparation for defense against a chemical, biological, or nuclear attack or radiological hazard and how to properly maintain and wear protective equipment during exposure to toxic agents and hazardous materials.

Speaker 3: During training, so far I feel like it has really prepared me to be successful in my MOS because, because although it's a lot of information to take at one time, you realize how much you actually retain information when you do hands-on exercises and when you go through scenarios and different mock briefings. The instructors here are really good with making sure that you're on the right track to be successful and I feel like that's what has prepared me the most.

Voiceover: Once you have completed your Advanced Individual Training, you could be eligible for world wide assignments. You will also have the opportunity to earn a hazardous material certificate. The skills and knowledge you acquire may help you transition from the Military to the civilian workforce. Many of these skills apply to jobs within the Department of Homeland Security and federal organizations.

Speaker 4: Those certificates I'v earned as a CBRN soldier- Hazmat Awareness,  Hazmat Operations, and Hazmat Technician. I can take those certificates that the civilian side recognizes and I can get a job such as transporting hazardous material or working for the fire house cleaning up hazardous waste.

Voiceover: Defending the country from the threat of weapons of mass destruction. Military Occupational Specialty -  Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Specialist. (CBRN)